Oral Histories

Oral histories available for download

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ABELL, BESS. Assistant to Mrs. Johnson, Vice Presidential period, 1961-1963; Mrs. Johnson's Social Secretary, 1963-1969.

ABRAM, MORRIS. Co-Chairman, Planning Session, White House Conference "To Fulfill These Rights," 1965; U.S. Representative, U.N. Commission on Human Rights, 1965-1968; Member, National Advisory Council on Economic Opportunity, 1967-68; President, Field Foundation, 1965-82; President, Brandeis University, 1968-1970; Chairman, United Negro College Fund, 1970-79.

AIKEN, GEORGE D. U.S. Senator, Vermont, 1941-1975.

ALBERT, CARL B. U.S. Congressman, Oklahoma, 1947-1977; House Majority Whip, 1955-1962; House Majority Leader, 1962-1971; Speaker of the House, 1971-1977.

ALBRIGHT, JACK. United States Army; Commanding Officer, White House Communications Agency, 1965-1969.

ALSOP, STEWART. Columnist; Washington, D.C. Editor, Saturday Evening Post, 1962-1968; Columnist, Newsweek, 1968-1974.

BALL, GEORGE W. Undersecretary of State, 1961-1966.

BAYH, BIRCH. U.S. Senator from Indiana. 1963-81.

BENTSEN, LLOYD M. U.S. Congressman, Texas, 1948-1955; Texas businessman, 1955-1971; U.S. Senate, Texas, 1971-1993; Democratic candidate for Vice President of the United States, 1988; Secretary of the Treasury, 1993-1994.

BOGGS,HALE. U.S. Congressman, Louisiana, 1941-1942, 1947-1972; Majority Whip, U.S. House of Representatives, 1962-1971; Vice Chairman, Democratic National Committee, 1956-72; Member, President's Commission on the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, 1963-1964.

BRAESTRUP, PETER. Journalist; Time magazine 1953-1957; New York Herald-Tribune, 1957-1959; Nieman Fellow at Harvard University 1959-1960; New York Times, 1960-1968; Saigon bureau chief, Washington Post, 1968-1973; Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 1973-1989; founded the Wilson Quarterly, 1976; Senior Editor and Director of Communications, Library of Congress, 1989-1997.

BUNDY, McGEORGE. Special Assistant for National Security Affairs, 1961-1966.

BUNKER, ELLSWORTH. Ambassador to the Organization of American States, 1964-1966; Ambassador-at-Large, 1964-1967; Ambassador to South Vietnam, 1967-1973.

BUSBY, HORACE. Staff, Lyndon B. Johnson's House and Senate Offices, 1948-1950; Staff, U.S. Senate Armed Services Preparedness Subcommittee, 1950-1953; Consultant, U.S. Senate Armed Services Preparedness Subcommittee, 1957-58; Advisor to the Vice President, 1961-1963; Special Assistant to the President and Secretary of the Cabinet, 1963-1965.




CAIN, JAMES C. President Johnson's personal physician, 1946-1973; head of section, gastroenterology and internal medicine, Mayo Clinic, 1966-1970.

CATER, S. DOUGLASS. Educator, author and editor; Special Assistant to the President, 1964-1968.

CARPENTER, ELIZABETH Journalist, 1945-1960; Lyndon Johnson's Vice Presidential campaign staff, 1961; Administrative Assistant to Vice President Johnson, acting as speech writer and media adviser, 1961-1963; Press Secretary and Staff director to First Lady Lady Bird Johnson, 1963-1969; founder of the National Women's Political Caucus, 1970; co-chair of ERAmerica, 1975; Assistant Secretary of Education for Public Affairs under Jimmy Carter, 1979-1980.

CHANCELLOR, JOHN. Television news journalist; Host, NBC's Today Show, 1961-1962; NBC's Chief White House Correspondent, 1964-1965; Director, Voice of America, 1965-1967; Anchorman, NBC Nightly News, 1970-1982.

CHIARODO, MARIE FEHMER. Secretary to Vice President Johnson, 1962-1963; Secretary to the President, 1963-1969.

CHUDARS, JAMES E. Pilot of Sikorsky helicopter during Lyndon Johnson's 1948 campaign.

CLARK, RAMSEY. U.S. Assistant Attorney General, 1961-1965; U.S. Deputy Attorney General, 1965-1966; U.S. Acting Attorney General, 1966-1967; U.S. Attorney General, 1967-1969.

CLARK, TOM. U.S. Attorney General, 1945-1949; Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court, 1949-1967.

CLEMENTS, EARLE C. U.S. Senator, Kentucky, 1945-1948, 1950-1957; Governor, Kentucky 1948-November 1950; Democratic Senate Whip 1953-1957; Director, United States Senate Democratic Campaign Committee 1957-1959

CLIFFORD, CLARK M. Special Counsel to the President, 1946-1950; Senior Partner, Clifford & Miller, 1950-1968; President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, member, 1961-1968, Chairman, 1963-1968; Secretary of Defense, March 1968-January 1969; Senior Partner, Clifford & Warnke, 1969-1991.

COLBY, WILLIAM E. First Secretary, American Embassy, Saigon, South Vietnam, 1959- 1962; Chief, Far East Division, CIA, 1962-1967; Director, Civil Operations and Revolutionary Development Support, South Vietnam, 1968-1971; Executive Director, CIA, 1971-1972; Deputy Director of Operations, CIA; 1973; Director of Central Intelligence, 1973-1976.

CONNALLY, JOHN. Secretary to LBJ, 1939-1941; President, General Manager and attorney for KVET radio station in Austin, 1946; Administrative Assistant to LBJ 1949; Secretary of the Navy, 1961; Governor of Texas, 1963-1968.

DAVIS, GEORGE R. Minister, Christian Church; Pastor, National City Christian Church, Washington, D.C.; personal friend of President Johnson.

DeLOACH, CARTHA D."DEKE." Assistant to the Director, FBI, 1965-1970.

DIRKSEN, EVERETT McKINLEY. Senator, Illinois, 1951-1969; Senate Minority Leader, 1959-1969.

EASTLAND, JAMES O. U.S. Senator, Mississippi, 1943-1979; Chairman, Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 1955-1979.

EVERS, CHARLES. Field Secretary, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1963-1969; Mayor, Fayette, Mississippi, 1969-1981, 1985-1989.

FARMER, JAMES. A founder and first National Chairman, Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), 1942; National Chairman, CORE, 1942-1944, 1950, National Director, 1961-1966; Program Director, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1959-1961; President, Center for Community Action Education, 1965-; Assistant Secretary of Administration, U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, 1969-1970.

FISHER, ADRIAN. Deputy Director, U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, 1961-1969.

FORTAS, ABE. Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court, 1965-1969; long-time friend and adviser to LBJ.

FOSTER, JOHN S., JR. Physicist; Director, Defense Research and Engineering, Department of Defense, 1965-1969.

FRANCIS, SHARON. Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Interior, 1961-1965; Staff Assistant for Beautification, Mrs. Johnson's staff, 1965-1969.

FRANTZ, JOE B. History Professor, University of Texas at Austin, 1949-1986; Director, LBJ Oral History Project, 1967-1974; History Professor, Corpus Christi State University, 1986-1993.

FREEMAN, ORVILLE. Governor of Minnesota, 1955-1961; Secretary of Agriculture, 1961-1969.




GILPATRIC, ROSWELL L. Deputy Secretary of Defense, 1961-1964; Chairman, Task Force on Nuclear Proliferation, 1964.

GOLDBERG, ARTHUR J. Secretary of Labor, 1961-1962; Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court, 1962-1965 ; U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, 1965-1968.

GORDON, LINCOLN. U.S Ambassador to Brazil, 1961-1966; Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs, 1966-1967; President, Johns Hopkins University, 1967-1971.

GRAHAM, BILLY. Evangelist; ordained to ministry, Southern Baptist Convention; personal friend of President Johnson.

HEBERT, F. EDWARD. U.S. Congressman, Louisiana, 1941-1977. Member, House Naval Affairs Committee, 1943-1946 ; Member, House Armed Services Committee, 1947-1977.

HENRY, AARON E. President, Mississippi Conference of Branches of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1960-1993; President, Council of Federated Organizations, Mississippi, 1962-1965; Chairman, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) delegation to the 1964 Democratic National Convention which challenged the seating of the regular Mississippi delegation; Member, Mississippi House of Representatives, 1980-1995.

HIGGINBOTHAM, A. LEON, JR. Commissioner, Federal Trade Commission, 1962-1964; Judge, U.S. District Court, Eastern District, Pennsylvania, 1964-1977; Vice Chairman, National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence, 1968-1969; Judge, U.S. District Court, Virgin Islands, 1969; Judge, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, 3rd Circuit, 1977-1993.

HORNIG, DONALD F. Director, Office of Science and Technology, Executive Office of the President, 1964-1969.

HUGHES, SARAH T. Judge, U.S. District Court, North District, Texas, 1961-1985; administered oath of office as President to Lyndon Baines Johnson on November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas.

HUMPHREY, HUBERT H., JR. U.S. Senator, Minnesota, 1949-65, 1971-1978; Vice President of the United States, 1965-1969.

IKARD, FRANK. U.S. Congressman, Texas, 1951-1961; American Petroleum Institute, Vice President, 1961-1963, President, 1963-1979.

JOHNSON, CLAUDIA "LADY BIRD". 2/22/1912-7/11/2007; wife of Lyndon B. Johnson 1934-1973; owner, KTBC radio and television stations 1943-1973; member of the Senate Ladies Club; wife of Vice President Lyndon Baines Johnson 1961-1963; First Lady of the United States 1963-1969; honorary chairman, Head Start 1965-1969; advocate for beautification and environmental issues; University of Texas System Board of Regents 1971-1977; Medal of Freedom 1977; Congressional Gold Medal 1988; founder, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center; author.

JORDAN, BARBARA. First female black senator elected to the Texas State Senate; State Senator, Texas Senate, 1966-1972; U.S. Congresswoman, Texas, 1973-1978.

KATZENBACH, NICHOLAS deB. Assistant Attorney General, 1961-1962; Deputy Attorney General, 1962-1964; Acting and later U.S. Attorney General, 1964-1966; Under Secretary of State, 1966-1969.

KRIM, ARTHUR B. Chairman, United Artists Corporation, 1951-1978; Founder and Chairman, Orion Pictures, 1978-1994; Chairman, President's Club, 1962-1968 ; Finance Chairman, Democratic National Finance Committee, 1966-1968; Board Member, Lyndon Baines Johnson Foundation, 1969-1994.

KUCHEL, THOMAS H. U.S. Senator, California, 1953-1969; Senate Republican Whip 1959-1969.

LEVINSON, LAWRENCE E. Attorney; Counsel in the Offices of Secretary of the Air Force, 1957-1963; Special Assignments, Office of the Secretary of Defense, 1963-1965; Deputy Special Counsel to the President, 1965-1968.

LEINSDORF, ERICH. Orchestra conductor; Music Director, Boston Symphony Orchestra, 1962-1969; Austrian refugee aided by Lyndon Johnson in 1938.




MALECHEK SCOTT, JEWELL. Long time friend of the Johnsons; Secretary to LBJ, 1969-1973.

MANN, THOMAS C. U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, 1961-1963; Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs, 1963-1965; Undersecretary of State for Economic Affairs, 1965- 1966.

MARSHALL, BURKE. U.S. Assistant Attorney General, Civil Rights Division, Department of Justice, 1961-1965; Chairman, National Advisory Commission on Selective Service, 1966-1967.

MARSHALL, THURGOOD. Special Counsel, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1938-1950; Director and Counsel, Legal Defense and Educational Fund, NAACP, 1940-1961; U.S. Circuit Judge for 2d Judicial Circuit, 1961-1965; U.S. Solicitor General, 1965-1967; Justice, U.S. Supreme Court, 1967-1991.

MARTIN, LOUIS. Newspaper executive; Deputy Chairman, Democratic National Committee, 1961-1969.

MASHMAN, JOE E. Pilot of Bell helicopter in Lyndon Johnson's 1948 campaign; long-time friend of President Johnson.

McNAMARA, ROBERT S. Secretary of Defense, 1961-1968; President, World Bank, 1968-1981.

McPHERSON, HARRY C., JR. Assistant General Counsel, Senate Democratic Policy Committee, 1956-1959; Associate Counsel, 1959-1961; General Counsel, 1961-1963; Deputy Under Secretary of the Army for International Affairs, 1963-1964; Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs, 1964-1965; Special Assistant and Counsel to the President, 1965-1966; Special Counsel to the President, 1966-1969.

MILLS, WILBUR D. U.S. Congressman, Arkansas, 1939-1977; Chairman, House Ways and Means Committee, 1958-1974.

MITCHELL, CLARENCE M., JR. Director, Washington Bureau, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1950-1978.

O'BRIEN, LAWRENCE F. Director, John F. Kennedy for President Campaign, 1959-1960; Special Assistant to the President for Congressional Relations, 1961-1965; Postmaster General, 1965-1968; Chairman, Democratic National Committee, 1968, 1970-72; Commissioner, National Basketball Association, 1975-1984.

PEARSON, DREW. Newspaper correspondent and columnist; author of the nationally syndicated newspaper column, "The Washington Merry-Go-Round," 1932-1969.




RANDOLPH, A. PHILIP. Organizer, Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, 1925; President, Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, 1929-1968

READ, BENJAMIN H. Legislative Assistant to U.S. Senator Joseph Clark of Pennsylvania, 1958-1963; Special Assistant to the Secretary of State and Executive Secretary of the Department of State, 1963-1969.

REEDY, GEORGE. Staff consultant, Armed Services Preparedness Subcommittee, U.S. Senate, 1951-1952; Staff Director, Minority Policy Committee, 1953-1954; Staff Director, Majority Policy Committee, 1955-1960; Special Assistant Vice President Johnson, 1961-1963; Press Secretary for President Johnson, 1964-1966; White House Aide, 1968.

ROSENBLATT, PETER. Attorney; Deputy Assistant General Counsel, Agency for International Development, 1966; White House staff, 1966-1968; U.S. Post Office Department, 1968-1969.

ROSTOW, WALT W. Chariman, State Department Policy Planning Council, December 1961-April 1966; Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, April 1966-January 1969.

RUSK, DEAN. Secretary of State, 1961-1969.

SCHNEIDER, WUNIBALD W. Roman Catholic priest; Pastor, St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church, Stonewall, Texas; personal friend of President Johnson.

SMITH, BROMLEY. Executive Secretary, National Security Council, 1961-69.

TERRITO, DOROTHY. Library of Congress employee; White House Staff Assistant to President Johnson, 1963-1969; White House Special Projects, 1968; Special Assistant to the Director, LBJ Library and Museum, 1970-1976; LBJ Foundation consultant, 1976-1990

THOMAS, HELEN. Journalist; White House Press reporter, 1961-present; first woman to be White House Bureau Chief for a news wire service.

THOMAS, MRS. ALBERT (LERA). U.S. Congresswoman, Texas, March 26, 1966 to January 3, 1967; elected to Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Albert Thomas, who served from 1937 to 1966.

TOWER, JOHN G. U.S. Senator, Texas 1961-1985.




UDALL, STEWART L. U.S. Congressman, Arizona, 1955-1960; Secretary of the Interior, 1961-1969.

VANCE, CYRUS R. Special Counsel to the Preparedness Investigating Subcommittee, Senate Armed Services Committee, 1957-1960; General Counsel, Department of Defense, 1961-1962; Secretary of the Army, 1962-1963; Deputy Secretary of Defense, 1964-1967; President Johnson's representative in Detroit, Michigan, during the Detroit Riots, 1967; Special Representative of the President to Cyprus, 1967, to Korea, 1968; U.S. Negotiator, Paris Peace Talks on Vietnam, 1968-1969.

WARREN, EARL. Chief Justice of the United States, 1953-1969; Chairman, President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy (Warren Commission), 1963-1964.

WASSERMAN, LEW. President of MCA/Universal Studios 1946-1995; Universal Studios Chairman Emeritus, 1995-1998; Universal Studios Consultant, 1995-2002.

WEBB, JAMES E. Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1961-1968.

WHITE, WILLIAM S. Reporter, New York Times, 1945-1958; nationally syndicated columnist, 1958-73; awarded Pulitzer Prize in 1955 for The Taft Story, a biography of Robert Taft; author of Citadel: The Story of the U.S. Senate, 1956; author of The Professional: Lyndon B. Johnson, 1964.

WILKINS, ROY. Executive Secretary, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1955-1964; Executive Director, NAACP, 1965-1977.

YOUNG, ANDREW J., JR. Staff, Southern Christian Leadership Conference(SCLC), 1961-70; appointed Executive Director, SCLS,1964; appointed Executive Vice President, SCLC,1967; Chairman, Atlanta Community Relations Commission, 1970-1972; Congressman, 5th District of Georgia, 1973-1977; U.S. Ambassador to United Nations, 1977-1979; Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia, 1982-1989.