On this day in 1966, President Johnson signed the Bill Authorizing Veterans of Vietnam to become members of the American Legion.
“The Congress of the United States and the American Legion have made me very happy by sending me this bill today to sign. This measure will allow the veterans of Vietnam to become members of the American Legion.”
On this day in 1964, President Johnson had a telephone conversation with Anatoly Dobrynin, the Soviet Ambassador to the United States.
In the conversation, Dobrynin passed on a personal message from Soviet Premier Nikita Khruschchev in which he sent his regards to the President. Dobrynin also talked about Khruschchev’s views on U.S. foreign policy, including the Tonkin Gulf incident, Cypress, and the Congo. Dobrynin discussed the U.S. presidential election, telling President Johnson that Khruschchev “will vote for LBJ.”
On this day in 1965, President Johnson had a telephone conversation with Katharine Graham. Mrs. Graham congratulated the President on signing of the Washington, D.C., home rule discharge petition. They discussed opposition to financial provisions of the Bill.
On this day in 1960, LBJ and John Connally went dove hunting in Brackettville, Texas, with Herman and George Brown.
On this day in 1964, President Johnson had a telephone conversation with William Scranton, Governor of Pennsylvania.
The President told Scranton that the Appalachia Bill was 25 votes short of passage in the House and they talked about strategy of passing the Bill in the Senate first.
On this day in 1965, President Johnson signed the National Capital Transportation Act.
“Our most acute transportation problem—one that costs us billions of dollars each year now—is that of local traffic. In a day when our astronauts can circle the globe in less time than many Americans spend driving to and from work, our challenge is real, and it is serious, and it is urgent.”
On this day in 1968, President Johnson wrote a letter to presidential candidates concerning plans for an orderly transfer of executive power.
In accordance with the purpose of the Presidential Transition Act of 1963, I wish to take all reasonable steps to promote the orderly transfer of the Executive power in connection with the inauguration of a new President on January 20, 1969. To this end, I am asking Executive departments and agencies to make plans to facilitate an orderly transition.
These letters were addressed to presidential candidates Hubert H. Humphrey, Richard M. Nixon, and George C. Wallace.
On this day in 1967, President Johnson met with King Constantine of Greece at the White House.
On this day in 1960, Lyndon Johnson and John F. Kennedy addressed a rally in the City Square in front of the Hotel Cortez in Galveston, Texas. Johnson and Mrs. Johnson then flew on the Kennedy plane to the Lubbock airport where Kennedy and Johnson addressed an airport rally in Lubbock, and Paul Kilday joined group. The next stop was San Antonio where Johnson introduced Kennedy at a rally in Alamo Square.
Then, they flew to Houston where the Johnsons visited with Mr. & Mrs. Wesley West, Mr. & Mrs. Gus Wortham, and Mr. Arthur Sandlin. Johnson addressed a rally in the Houston Coliseum and then listened in a hotel suite to Kennedy’s speech to the Houston Ministerial Association. There, Kennedy reiterated his support for separation of church and state and denied church pressures on him. Johnson and Kennedy flew to Austin where they spent the night at Governor’s Mansion.
On this day in 1966, President Johnson vetoed the Federal Employees Life Insurance Bill.
“For the second time in less than eight weeks, I am forced to return a bill without my approval because it is inflationary.
“The bill I am now returning—H.R. 6926—would increase life insurance coverage for Federal employees by over 30%—at an annual cost to the taxpayer of $90 million. If we were to extend equivalent increases in fringe benefits to all American workers, we would be fueling the fires of inflation by nearly $3 billion.”
On this day in 1965, President Johnson wrote a letter to the recipient of the first home improvement grant under the New Housing Act.
You are the first in the Nation to receive one of the new housing rehabilitation grants, authorized for urban renewal areas only a month ago when I signed the landmark Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965.
Our urban renewal program is a cooperative effort by the city and the national government, and by the citizen and the private enterprise contractor, to renew and rehabilitate our urban environment. Because of the new law, the Congress has made it possible for many more residents of urban renewal areas to pay for necessary home improvements without having to move.
On this day in 1964, President Johnson presented the Harmon International Aviation Trophies. LBJ stated,
“It gives me a great deal of pleasure—and I am very proud this afternoon—to join in this presentation of these awards of the Harmon Trophy for the most outstanding performances by aviators and aviatrixes in 1962 and 1963.
“For 1962 the Aviator Award goes to Maj. Fritzhugh L. Fulton, Jr., of the United States Air Force Major Fulton in 1962 piloted a B-58 Hustler bomber beyond its designed performance to set new world altitude and payload records.
“For 1963 the Aviatrix Award goes to Mrs. Betty Miller of Santa Monica, Calif. In 1963 she became the first woman in history to fly solo across the Pacific—7,400 miles from Oakland, Calif., to Sydney, Australia.
“For 1963 the Aviator Award goes, for the first time, to a member of America's astronaut team, Maj. Leroy Gordon Cooper. Every American knows the story of his flight. We lived it with him as he orbited the earth 22 times, traveling 593,885 miles. As we all remember so well, when the mechanisms failed, it was his pilot's skill that meant so much to the success of that great flight.
“So, speaking for all of you here this afternoon, and the millions of other Americans who share the pride that we have, I say to those I have specifically mentioned, heartiest congratulations to all of you from all of us.”
On this day in 1964, President Johnson made remarks in Seattle on the control of Nuclear Weapons. LBJ stated,
“It means, I think, that we have a unique responsibility, unique in history, for the defense of freedom. Our nuclear power alone has deterred Soviet aggression. Under the shadow of our strength, our friends have kept their freedom and have built their nations.
“The American people and all the world can rest assured that we have taken every step that man can devise to insure that neither a madman nor a malfunction could ever trigger nuclear war.”
On this day in 1964, President Johnson signed Executive Order 11177—Providing for certain arrangements under the Columbia River Treaty.
WHEREAS the treaty between the United States and Canada relating to cooperative development of the water resources of the Columbia River Basin (signed at Washington, D.C., on January 17, 1961; Executive C, 87th Congress, 1st Session) has come into force; and
WHEREAS Article XIV of such treaty (hereinafter referred to as the Treaty) provides for the designation of certain entities which are empowered and charged with the duty to formulate and carry out the operating arrangements necessary to implement the Treaty, and authorizes the United States of America to designate one or more of such entities.
On this day in 1968, President Johnson sent a telegram to the Texas Democratic Party Convention.
As an absentee member of the Texas Democratic Party, I greet you and wish you well in this year’s campaign—the local, State, and national contests that we will win by working together.
Eight years ago, in a closely fought presidential campaign, I asked you to give your undivided support to the Democratic ticket. Your magnificent response spelled the difference between victory and defeat. This year, in another crucial election, I again ask you to close ranks behind our candidates.
I ask you to give the same loyalty to Hubert Humphrey that he has given to the Democratic Party all his life.
On this day in 1965, President Johnson had a telephone conversation with Congressman George Fallon.
Fallon told the President that the House committee cannot act on the Senate amendments to the Highway Beautification bill until the Senate sends the bill to the House. President Johnson expressed shock over their positions and the delays, talked about parliamentary procedures, and the lobbying tactics of the billboard industry.
On this day in 1964, President Johnson had two telephone conversations with Defense Secretary Robert McNamara.
McNamara told President Johnson that the latest information indicated that 4 PT boats were attacking 2 U.S. destroyers in the Tonkin Gulf and that the attacks appeared to be intentional. McNamara told the president that the Joint Chiefs of Staff were discussing possible retaliatory action for his consideration. In addition, the two men discuss making a statement to the news media. President Johnson urged caution about acting hastily without adequate proof of an attack.
On this day in 1964, President Johnson had a telephone conversation with Senator Richard Russell.
The two men discussed the findings of the Warren Commission on the John F. Kennedy assassination regarding the bullet that hit John Connally, and they talked about Lee Harvey Oswald. In addition, President Johnson and Senator Russell discussed the alleged attack in the Tonkin Gulf.
On this day in 1964, President Johnson issued Proclamation 3616—National Forest Products Week, 1964.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, LYNDON B. JOHNSON, President of the United States of America, do hereby call upon the people of the United States to observe the week beginning October 18, 1964, as National Forest Products Week, with activities and ceremonies designed to direct public attention to the prominent role of our forest resources and our forest resources industry in contributing to the economic growth of our Nation, and to the significance of those resources as a base for the continued progress of rural America.
On this day in 1968, President Johnson presented the “Salute to Eisenhower Week” proclamation to John Eisenhower. LBJ stated,
“Dwight David Eisenhower led us bravely in war. He served us devotedly and well in peace. Always he committed the gifts of his heart and the wisdom of his leadership to the strength of America’s unity. Throughout his lifetime of duty, he has shown us the qualities that we admire most in our fellow man, the qualities of greatness that run deep in the spirit and the history of America: honor, courage, compassion, integrity. Now we are proud to show him our gratitude and our esteem.
“It gives me great pleasure to present this morning to his son, John Eisenhower, the proclamation which sets aside the week of October 13 as America’s Salute to Eisenhower Week.”
On this day in 1960, LBJ attended the Democratic State Convention in Dallas.
On this day in 1966, President Johnson gave remarks at a ceremony in connection with the School Savings Stamp Program.
“Now we will go to our people to borrow that money. As you can see, interest rates are going up. We have no national usury law in this country. There is no limit to what they can charge you, if we have to have the money.
“But we can appeal to all of our citizens to help their country in this period. We can ask the boys and girls to buy stamps. We can ask the men and women to authorize a deduction from their payroll.
“We can ask them to lend to their country, to their Government, to support the objectives of this society of ours. And to let us do the good things that we are doing to protect our freedom and our liberty, to help out with our health and our education, and to move forward at the cheapest rate possible.”
On this day in 1966, President Johnson had a conversation with Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas.
The two men talked about Nicholas Katzenbach’s appointment as Undersecretary of State, Stokely Carmichael and defeat of a civil rights bill, and Thurgood Marshall’s appointment to the U.S. Supreme Court.
On this day in 1967, President Johnson made remarks at a luncheon honoring the Foreign Ministers attending a meeting of the Organization of American States. LBJ concluded the remarks by saying,
“As members of a community that is richly blessed in spiritual heritage and material potential—that is blessed with unity and blessed with strength—I invite you to join me in a toast to the security and to the welfare of our own hemisphere, as well as to the defense of freedom everywhere in the world.”
On this day in 1964, President Johnson approved the bill (S.2701)providing for the site studies to build a Sea Level Canal connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans somewhere in Central America.
On this day in 1964, President Johnson made remarks at the dedication of the John F. Kennedy Square in Texarkana, Texas.
On this day in 1960, LBJ attended a luncheon at the Driskill Hotel in Austin with Mrs. Johnson and other ladies who were planning Texas teas.
On this day in 1966, President Johnson signed the bill for the control of pollution in the Hudson River Basin.
“Nature isn’t doing this. We are. By our carelessness, by our neglect, and by our blind rush of progress, we are fouling one of the most precious resources we possess: our rivers.
“Neither Federal nor State action alone would be adequate to this task. It will require the best efforts of all of us—including the towns and industries along the shores.
“I believe we are up to the challenge. This bill gives us the tools to meet it.
“I believe it begins a new day for one of America’s great rivers. I hope it points the way for all our rivers.”
On this day in 1966, President Johnson met with Chancellor Ludwig Erhard of Germany at the White House. The Washington Classical Symphony and the National Symphony Orchestra, Howard Mitchell, and William Kroll performed at a dinner honoring Chancellor and Mrs. Erhard.
On this day in 1967, President Johnson met with President Diori Hamani of Niger at the White House. That evening, Jaime Laredo, Violinist, and Ruth Laredo, Pianist, performed at a dinner.
On this day in 1966, President Johnson signed Executive Order 11306 establishing the President’s Committee on Rural Poverty and the National Advisory Commission on Rural Poverty.
On this day in 1967, President Johnson made remarks upon signing a bill to extend the Food Stamp Act of 1964.
“We have nearly 20 million schoolchildren—more than ever before—receiving low cost or free meals under the school lunch program. That program today is in its 21st year.
“More than 100,000 children have a better chance to learn because they began their day with a decent breakfast because of the Child Nutrition Act that we passed in 1966.
“Three million needy Americans in family units are receiving better diets in the commodity donation program of the Department of Agriculture.
“As I sign this act, I am asking the Secretary to help America’s 300 poorest counties which do not now have food assistance to start a community distribution program to be available for the low-income families.”
On this day in 1965, President Johnson signed the United Nations Participation Act Amendments.
“I am happy to sign into law today a measure that will enhance the effectiveness of our delegation to the U.N. In the past, only the chief representative of the United States and his deputy could represent this country before the Security Council and certain other major agencies of the U.N. This has proved unduly restrictive on the work of our delegation.
“Under the new law, other members of our U.N. team may represent this country before any organ or commission of the United Nations. This will provide Ambassador Goldberg with the flexibility he needs to make use of the rich and diverse talents of those who now serve on the American delegation-Representative James Roosevelt, Ambassador Eugenie Anderson, and Dr. James Nabrit.”
On this day in 1965, President Johnson signed the Arts and Humanities Bill.
“What this bill really does is to bring active support to this great national asset, to make fresher the winds of art in this great land of ours.
“The arts and the humanities belong to the people, for it is, after all, the people who create them.”
On this day in 1966, President Johnson had a telephone conversation with Adam Clayton Powell.
The two men discussed the House vote on poverty appropriations, efforts to restrict Powell’s power as committee chairman, and President Johnson emphasized the need to hold down spending on poverty and education.
On this day in 1968, President Johnson signed the Handicapped Children’s Early Education Assistance Act (PL 90-538) which authorized experimental programs for handicapped children of pre-school age.
On this day in 1968, President Johnson made remarks upon signing the Colorado River Basin Project Act.
“It is a landmark bill, a proud companion to the other 250 separate conservation measures that I have signed in the White House since I became President. For the millions of Americans west of the Continental Divide, it will provide more water for growing cities; it will provide more water for expanding industries, for the farmers’ crops, and for the ranchers’ cattle.
“It will let us build aqueducts and powerplants and a network of projects for irrigation, for community water supplies, for flood control, for electricity, and finally for recreation.
“We will do all of this without defiling or without despoiling the ancient and the spectacular landscapes along the Colorado. That will make it easier, too, for me to live at home. These beautiful canyons and gorges are among the great natural wonders of the world. We will preserve these priceless legacies for the enjoyment of all of our children, and their children—and very much to the pleasure and satisfaction of some of our great men of our time.”