On this day in 1971, Johnson’s memoir, The Vantage Point: Perspectives of the Presidency, 1963-1969, was published.
On this day in 1966, President Johnson ended his trip to Southeast Asia to attend the Manila Conference.
The day began in Seoul, Korea, where President Johnson addressed the National Assembly of Korea. Then, he flew to Alaska and, upon arrival, made a statement. In his hotel room, the President talked with various staff members, remarking on the extensive legislation on education, health, conservation, and beautification passed during his administration and on the importance of the trip in the search for peace and prosperity in Asia.
On this day in 1966, President Johnson signed the Elementary and Secondary Education Act Amendments (PL 89-750) and the Higher Education Act Amendments (PL 89-752).
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act Amendments (PL 89-750) included:
- A provision that schools could use the national average “per student expenditures” if the national average was higher, a benefit to poorer states
- A new program to aid in the education of handicapped children
- The transfer of adult education activities from the Office of Economic Opportunity to the Office of Education in Health, Education, and Welfare
- The first appropriation of funds for the National Teacher Corps
The Higher Education Act Amendments (PL 89-752) included:
- The authorization of expenditures for undergraduate and graduate facility grants and loans in fiscal 1967-69
- Canceling student loans to teachers of handicapped students
On this day in 1964, Lyndon Baines Johnson was elected President of the United States with the greatest percentage of the total popular vote (61%) ever attained by a Presidential candidate. Hubert Humphrey was elected Vice President.
On this day in 1964, President Johnson had a telephone conversation with National Security Advisor McGeorge Bundy. The two men discussed the current situation in Vietnam, the effect of the election on future action, and LBJ’s health.
On this day in 1964, President Johnson had a telephone conversation with Special Assistant and White House Press Secretary Bill Moyers.
Moyers gave LBJ a report on election returns, the heavy turnout, the pollster’s analyses, and election results in Kansas, New York, and Georgia. They discussed Robert Kennedy’s Senate race and the heavy Negro turnout in the South.
On this day in 1964, at approximately 1:40 a.m., President Johnson delivered his victory speech after being re-elected.
On this day in 1964, President Johnson had a telephone conversation with former President Harry Truman.
Truman congratulated LBJ on his election victory. LBJ praised Truman, offered him assistance, and invited the Truman family to visit the White House.
On this day in 1964, President Johnson had a telephone conversation with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
LBJ thanked Dr. King for his support and that of the Negro community in the election. Dr. King congratulated LBJ and expressed optimism about the future. LBJ asked Dr. King to help with the poverty program. The two men also discussed Lady Bird Johnson’s whistlestop campaign.
On this day in 1963, Vice President Johnson attended special ceremonies at the American Military Cemetery at Hamm, Luxembourg, and visited the graves of Gen. George S. Patton and four of the 137 Texas dead.
On this day in 1967, President Johnson signed the Public Broadcasting Act establishing the nonprofit and nongovernmental Corporation for Public Broadcasting. The Corporation for Public Broadcasting provides financial assistance for noncommercial educational television and radio broadcasting.
“This Corporation will assist stations and producers who aim for the best in broadcasting good music, in broadcasting exciting plays, and in broadcasting reports on the whole fascinating range of human activity. It will try to prove that what educates can also be exciting.
“It will get part of its support from our Government. But it will be carefully guarded from Government or from party control. It will be free, and it will be independent—and it will belong to all of our people.
“Television is still a young invention. But we have learned already that it has immense—even revolutionary—power to change, to change our lives.
“I hope that those who lead the Corporation will direct that power toward the great and not the trivial purposes.
“At its best, public television would help make our Nation a replica of the old Greek marketplace, where public affairs took place in view of all the citizens.”
On this day in 1965, President Johnson signed The Higher Education Act (PL 89-329) at Southwest Texas State College in San Marcos, Texas. It was the first U.S. Congressional approval for scholarships to undergraduate students.
The Act’s provisions:
- Included insurance on student loans that had been proposed by President Johnson while he was a Congressman
- Transferred the work-study program to the Office of Higher Education
- Created the National Teacher Corps which was designed to improve elementary and secondary education in needy urban and rural areas. Teams consisting of an experienced teacher and several young college graduates were sent in to strengthen local school programs
“Today, then, we embark on a new adventure in learning. And it has a very special meaning to me.
“This is a proud moment in my life. I am proud to have a part in the beginning that this bill provides, because here a great deal began for me some 38 years ago on this campus.
“It was here in these surroundings that I first understood the deeper meaning of the Bible's promise that: "Ye shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free.
“Here the seeds were planted from which grew my firm conviction that for the individual, education is the path to achievement and fulfillment; for the Nation, it is a path to a society that is not only free but civilized; and for the world, it is the path to peace—for it is education that places reason over force.”
On this day in 1966, President Johnson signed the Food for Peace Act of 1966.
“On February 10, I proposed to the Congress a Food for Freedom program, by which the United States might lead the world in a war against hunger. The act which I have signed today prepares us for this historic task.
“We must be certain that our Food for Freedom grants are consistent with our program to encourage the sound and rapid expansion of food production in the receiving countries. Food for Freedom grants will be made only where the country receiving the grant demonstrates its own willingness to help win its own war on hunger. We must also be certain that Food for Freedom grants are made, whenever possible, on a multilateral basis with the other countries of the world who have the resources to join us in food grant programs. We are all members of the family of man and as such we must band together if we are to be successful in the war on hunger.”
On this day in 1961, Vice President Johnson hosted a dinner party honoring Mr. and Mrs. Philip Graham, publisher of the Washington Post.
On this day in 1967, President Johnson met with Prime Minister Eisaku Sato of Japan at the White House. Tony Bennett performed at the State Dinner that evening.
On this day in 1967, President Johnson signed the Foreign Assistance Act of 1967.
“This act reaffirms the basic principles which have guided America’s foreign economic policy for two decades. It proclaims our readiness to help those who help themselves in mankind’s unrelenting struggle against poverty, ignorance, and disease.
“Foreign assistance represents our hopes for the world our children will inherit. It gives meaning to the pledges of four Presidents and 10 Congresses that the United States will help to provide the margin of hope that nourishes the poverty-stricken millions around the world for whom change is not a matter of choice but of necessity.
“I regret to say that the Foreign Assistance Act of 1967 reduces the margin of hope to the danger point.
“I respect the judgment of the Congress. But I would be remiss in my duty if I failed to state my own conviction. I believe the money cuts and other restrictions in this act will seriously inhibit this Government’s effort to assure and enlarge the security of the free world. For 20 years we have recognized the link between that security and our own. We should not lose sight of it now.”
On this day in 1965, President Johnson wrote a letter establishing a task force on the impact of the Cuban Refugee Program.
As a result of the refugee program launched in 1961, more than 180,000 refugees have been aided to resettle and integrate in Miami and elsewhere in the United States. Less than 16,000 now require financial assistance in the Miami area. This is a good record of which Americans can be proud. I want our new program to be even better.
On this day in 1967, President Johnson signed the Air Quality Act to strengthen federal powers to combat air pollution.
“Today we grow up to our responsibilities. This new Air Quality Act lets us face up to our problem as we have never faced up before.
“In the next 3 years, it will authorize more funds to combat air pollution—more funds in the next 3 years to combat air pollution—than we have spent on this subject in the entire Nation’s history of 180 years.
“It will give us scientific answers to our most baffling problem: how to get the sulphur out of our fuel—and how to keep it out of our air.
“It will give Secretary Gardner new power to stop pollution before it chokes our children and before it strangles our elderly—before it drives us into a hospital bed.
“It will help our States fight pollution in the only practical way—by regional airshed controls—by giving the Federal Government standby power to intervene if and when States rights do not always function efficiently.
“It will help our States to control the number one source of pollution—our automobiles.
“But for all that it will do, the Air Quality Act will never end pollution. It is a law—and not a magic wand to wave that will cleanse our skies. It is a law whose ultimate power and final effectiveness really rests out there with the people of this land—on our seeing the damnation that awaits us if the people do not act responsibly to avoid it and to curb it.
“Last January, in asking Congress to pass this legislation, I had this to say:
“‘This situation does not exist because it was inevitable, nor because it cannot be controlled. Air pollution is the inevitable consequence of neglect. It can be controlled when that neglect is no longer tolerated.
“‘It will be controlled when the people of America, through their elected representatives, demand the right to air that they and their children can breathe without fear.’
“So, let us then strengthen that demand from this moment on. Let us seize the new powers of this new law to end a long, dark night of neglect.”
On this day in 1963, President Johnson met with Attorney General Robert Kennedy, former Presidents Dwight Eisenhower and Harry Truman, and National Security advisors regarding Vietnam.
On this day in 1963, President Johnson walked with the procession from the White House to the Capitol behind the Kennedy cortege.
He returned from the Capitol to the Executive Office Building at 2:30 p.m., and was joined by Secretary of State Dean Rusk, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, CIA Director John McCone, U.S. Ambassador to South Vietnam Henry Cabot Lodge, and Undersecretary of State George Ball.
On this day in 1963, President Johnson signed Executive Order 11129 designating facilities in Florida as the John F. Kennedy Space Center.
On this day in 1963, President Johnson appointed a special Commission to investigate the assassination of John F. Kennedy, chaired by Supreme Court Justice Earl Warren.
“The special commission will have before it all evidence uncovered by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and all information available to any agency of the Federal Government.
“The Attorney General of Texas has also offered his cooperation. All Federal agencies and offices are being directed to furnish services and cooperation to the special commission. The commission will also be empowered to conduct any further investigation that it deems desirable.
“The President is instructing the special commission to satisfy itself that the truth is known as far as it can be discovered, and to report its findings and conclusions to him, to the American people, and to the world.”